Publications - studies

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Renewable Energy Sources


A-Hamid, M., & Hamdy, A.A. (2003). Economics of off-shore/on-shore wind energy systems in Qatar. Renewable Energy, 28(12), 1953-1963.

Al-Badi, A.H., Malika, A., Gastlia, A. (2009). Assessment of renewable energy resources potential in Oman and identification of barrier to their significant utilization. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13(9), 2734-2739.

Al-Karaghouli, A., Renne, D., & Kazmerski, L.L. (2009). Solar and wind opportunities for water desalination in the Arab regions. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13(9), 2397-2407.

Authority for Electricity Regulation, Oman (2008). Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman Final Report. Sultanate of Oman: COWI and Partners LLC. Access date: January 27, 2009.

Alnatheer, O. (2005). The potential contribution of renewable energy to electricity supply in Saudi Arabia. Energy Policy, 33(18), 2298-2312.

Alnatheer, O. (2006). Environmental benefits of energy efficiency and renewable energy in Saudi Arabia's electric sector. Energy Policy, 34(1), 2-10.

Chen, F., Duic, N., Alves, L.M., & Carvalho, M.G. (2007). Renewislands—Renewable energy solutions for islands. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(8), 1888-1902.

Doukas, H., Patlitzianas, K.D., Kagiannas, A.G., & Psarras, J. (2006). Renewable energy sources and rationale use of energy development in the countries of GCC: Myth or reality?. Renewable Energy, 31(6), 755-770.

Elhadidy, M.A., & Shaahid, S.M. (2007). Wind resource assessment of eastern coastal region of Saudi Arabia. Desalination, 209(1-3), 199-208.

European Commission (2009). Photovoltaic solar energy: development and current research. Belgium: European Communities. ISBN 978-92-79-10644-6.

European Photovoltaic Technology Platform (2009). Today’s actions for tomorrow’s PV technology - An Implementation Plan for the Strategic Research Agenda of the European Photovoltaic Technology Platform. Belgium: European Communities. ISBN 978-92-79-12391-7.

Islam, M.D., Kubo, I., Ohadi, M., & Alili, A.A. (2009). Measurement of solar energy radiation in Abu Dhabi, UAE. Applied Energy, 86(4), 511-515.

Menna, P., Gambi, R., Hercsuth, A., Gillett, W., Tondi, G., Piontek, A. (2009). European Photovoltaic Actions and Programmes – 2009. Belgium: European Commission.

Patlitzianas, K.D., Doukas, H., & Psarras, J. (2006). Enhancing renewable energy in the Arab States of the Gulf: Constraints & efforts. Energy Policy, 34(18), 3719-3726

Rehman, S. (2005). Prospects of wind farm development in Saudi Arabia. Renewable Energy, 30(3), 447-463.

Rehman, S., Bader, A.M., & Al-Moallem, A.S. (2007). Cost of solar energy generated using PV panels. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(8), 1843-1857.

Rehman, S., El-Amin, I.M., Ahmad, F., Shaahid, S.M., Al-Shehri, A.M., & Bakhashwain, J.M. (2007). Wind power resource assessment for Rafha, Saudi Arabia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(5), 937-950.

Reiche, D. 2010. Renewable Energy Policies in the Gulf countries: A case study of the carbon-neutral “Masdar City” in Abu Dhabi. Energy Policy, 38(1), 378-382.

Rogier Coenraads, Gemma Reece, Monique Voogt - Ecofys, Mario Ragwitz, Anne Held - Fraunhofer ISI, Gustav Resch, Thomas Faber, Reinhard Haas – Energy Economics Group, Inga Konstantinaviciute - Lithuanian Energy Institute, Juraj Krivošík, Tomáš Chadim – Seven (2008). PROGRESS - Promotion and Growth of Renewable Energy Sources and Systems, Final report. Utrecht, The Netherlands: Ecofys.

Winter, C.J. (2009). Hydrogen energy — Abundant, efficient, clean: A debate over the energy-system-of-change. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34(14), S1-S52. 

Energy Demand Side Management and Energy Efficiency

Al-ajmi, F.F., & Hanby, V.I. (2008). Simulation of energy consumption for Kuwaiti domestic buildings. Energy and Buildings, 40(6), 1101-1109.

Alnaser, N.W., & Flanagan, R. (2007). The need of sustainable buildings construction in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Building and Environment, 42(1), 495-506.

Alnaser, N.W., Flanagan, R., & Alnaser, W.E. (2008). Model for calculating the sustainable building index (SBI) in the kingdom of Bahrain. Energy and Buildings, 40(11), 2037-2043.

Alnaser, N.W., Flanagan, R., & Alnaser, W.E. (2008). Potential of making—Over to sustainable buildings in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Energy and Buildings, 40(7), 1304-1323.

Darwish, M.A. (2007). Building air conditioning system using fuel cell: Case study for Kuwait. Applied Thermal Engineering, 27(17-18), 2869-2876.

Radhi, H. (2009). A comparison of the accuracy of building energy analysis in Bahrain using data from different weather periods. Renewable Energy, 34(3), 869-875.

Radhi, H., Eltrapolsi, A., & Sharples, S. (2009). Will energy regulations in the Gulf States make buildings more comfortable – A scoping study of residential buildings. Applied Energy, 86(12), 2531-2539.

Sebzali, M.J., & Rubini, P.A. (2007). The impact of using chilled water storage systems on the performance of air cooled chillers in Kuwait. Energy and Buildings, 39(8), 975-984.

Sebzali, M.J., & Rubini, P.A. (2006). Analysis of ice cool thermal storage for a clinic building in Kuwait. Energy Conversion and Management, 47(18-19), 3417-3434.

Taleb, H.M., & Pitts, A.C. (2009). The potential to exploit use of building-integrated photovoltaics in countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. Renewable Energy, 34(4), 1092-1099.

Utlu, Z., & Hepbasli, A. (2007). A review on analyzing and evaluating the energy utilization efficiency of countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(1), 1-29.

Clean Natural Gas and Related Clean Technologies

Almogren, S., & Veziroglu, N.T. (2004). Solar-hydrogen energy system for Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 29(11), 1181-1190.

Eltawil, A.M., Zhengming, Z., & Yuan, L. (2009). A review of renewable energy technologies integrated with desalination systems. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13(9), 2245-2262.

Habeebullah, B.A. (2007). Economic feasibility of thermal energy storage systems. Energy and Buildings, 39(3), 355-363.

Kirubakaran, A., Jain, S., & Nema, R.K. (2009). A review on fuel cell technologies and power electronic interface. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13(9), 2430-2440.

Sethi, V.P., & Sharma, S.K. (2007). Survey of cooling technologies for worldwide agricultural greenhouse applications. Solar Energy, 81(12), 1447-1459.

Shaahid, S.M., & El-Amin, I. (2009). Techno-economic evaluation of off-grid hybrid photovoltaic–diesel–battery power systems for rural electrification in Saudi Arabia—A way forward for sustainable development. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13(3), 625-633.

Shaahid, S.M., & Elhadidy, M.A. (2008). Economic analysis of hybrid photovoltaic–diesel–battery power systems for residential loads in hot regions—A step to clean future. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 12(2), 488-503. 

Electricity Interconnections and Market Integration

Abdalla, O.H., Al-Hadi, H., & Al-Riyami, H. (2009). Development of a digital model for Oman electrical transmission main grid. Advances in Computational Tools for Engineering Applications, 2009. ACTEA '09. ISBN: 978-1-4244-3833-4. 451 – 456pp.

Al-Badi, A., Malika, A., Al-Areimia, K., & Al-Mamaria, A. (2009). Power sector of Oman—Today and tomorrow. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13(8), 2192-2196.

Al-Mohaisen, A., Chaussé, L., & Sud, S. (2007). Progress Report on the Gulf Council (GCC) Electricity Grid System Interconnection in the Middle East. Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2007. IEEE. ISBN: 1-4244-1298-6. 1 - 7 pp.

Al-Mohaisen A.I. Electricity Network Connectivity between the GCC Countries. Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Al-Mohaisen, A., Sud, S. (2006). Update on the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) electricity grid system interconnection. Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2006. IEEE. ISBN: 1-4244-0493-2. 6 pp.

Al-Asaad H.K. (2009). Electricity Power Sector Reform in the GCC Region. The Electricity Journal, 22(9), 58-64.

Al-Asaad, H.K., Al-Mohaisen, A.I., & Sud, S. (2007). GCC Power Grid: Transforming the GCC Power Sector into a Major Energy Trading Market. OGEL, Electricity Interconnectors.

Dargin, J. (2009). Prospects for Energy Integration in the GCC: An Analysis of the GCC Energy Sector. Research Seminar-Dubai School of Government. Dubai Initiative-Harvard University.

De Bhowmick, A.K., Al-Khusaibi, T.M.S. (2008). Power system expansion planning of Oman in new restructured environment. Power Engineering Conference, 2007. AUPEC 2007. Australasian Universities. ISBN: 978-0-646-49488-3. 1 – 6pp.

Fraser H., & Al-Asaad H.K. (2008). Engaging in Cross-Border Power Exchange and Trade via the Arab Gulf States Power Grid. The Electricity Journal, 21(10), 19-29.

Sparrow, F.T., Bowen, B.H., & Al Salamah, M. (2002). The Gulf Cooperation Council & Economic Integrated Electricity Planning, 2003 to 2015, draft. Purdue University. Indiana, U.S.A.

Tabors, R.D. (2009). Interconnection in the GCC Grid: The Economics of Change. Proceedings of the 42nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences - 2009. 1-6. 

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)

AME Info FZ LLC (2007). UAE begins groundbreaking carbon capture & storage initiative. United Arab Emirates. 

Carlisle, T. (2009). Masdar to fast-track energy, carbon project. Tha National, UAE.

EC – European Commission - Directorate-General for Research (2007). CO2 Capture and Storage Projects. Belgium: European Communities. ISBN 92-79-03724-2

Hertog, S., & Luciani, G. (2009). Kuwait Programme on Development, Governance and Globalisation in the Gulf States: Energy and sustainability policies in the GCC. The Centre of the Study of the Global Governance.

Krane, J. (2010). Energy Conservation Options for GCC Governments. Dubai School of Government. Policy Brief No. 18. Dubai, United Arab Emirates: Dubai School of Government.

Goldschmidt, D. (2010). Carbon Capture & Storage Entwicklung Erprobung Markteinf Markteinführung. CCS Marketing and Business Development: Siemens Energy, Fossil Power Generation Division.

Nader, S. (2009). Paths to a low-carbon economy - The Masdar example. Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies 9, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-9), 16–20 November 2008, Washington DC, USA. Energy Procedia, 1(1), 3951-3958.

Raouf, A.M. (2008). Climate Change Threats, Opportunities, and the GCC Countries. The Middle East Institute. Policy Brief. Washington, DC: The Middle East Institute.

Webb, S. (2008). UAE carbon capture storage to cost up to $3bn. Available at:

Derks, P.W.J. and Versteeg, G.F. 2009. Kinetics of absorption of carbon dioxide in aqueous ammonia solutions. Energy Procedia, 1(1), pp. 1139-1146.

King, G.G. 1982. Here are key design considerations for CO2 pipelines. Oil Gas J. v80:39, pp. 219-222.


Alnaser, W.E., Probert, S.D., El-Masri, S., Al-Khalifa, S.E., Flanagan, R., & Alnaser, N.W. (2006). Bahrain’s Formula-1 racing circuit: energy and environmental considerations. Applied Energy, 83(4), 352-370.
Basson, L., & Petrie, J. (2007). A critical systems approach to decision support for process engineering. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 31(8), 876-888.
Benghanem, M., & Joraid, A.A. (2007). A multiple correlation between different solar parameters in Medina, Saudi Arabia. Renewable Energy, 32(14), 2424-2435.
BP - Beyond Petroleum (2009). BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009. BP.
BP - Beyond Petroleum (2009). Saudi Arabia 2009. BP.
Capros, P., Mantzos, L., Papandreou V., Tasios, N. (European Commission - Directorate-General for Energy and Transport) (2008). European energy and transport - Trends to 2030 : update 2007. Belgium: European Communities, ISBN 978-92-79-07620-6
Darwish, M.A. (2007). Desalting fuel energy cost in Kuwait in view of $75/barrel oil price. Desalination, 208(1-3), 306-320.
Darwish, M.A., & Al-Najem, N. (2005). The water problem in Kuwait. Desalination, 177(1-3), 167-177.
Darwish, M.A., Al-Awadhi, F.M., & Darwish, A.M. (2008). Energy and water in Kuwait Part I. A sustainability view point. Desalination, 225(1-3), 341-355.
Darwish, M.A., Alotaibi, S., & Alfahad, S. (2008). On the reduction of desalting energy and its cost in Kuwait. Desalination, 220(1-3), 483-495.
Darwish, M.A., & Darwish, A.M. (2008). Energy and water in Kuwait: A sustainability viewpoint, Part II. Desalination, 230(1-3), 140-152.
EC – European Commission - Directorate-General for Research (2009). European Research Framework Programme - Research on Climate Change. Prepared for the Third World Climate Conference (WCC-3) and the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP-15). Belgium: European Communities. ISBN 978-92-79-10280-6.
Fudholi, A., Sopian, K., Ruslan, M.H., Alghoul, M.A., & Sulaiman, M.Y. (2010). Review of solar dryers for agricultural and marine products. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(1), 1-30.
Gulf News (2009). Sustainable energy set for growth in the region. Dubai: Al Nisr Publishing LLC.
Hung, K.C., Julian, P., Chien, T., & Jin, W.T. (2010). A decision support system for engineering design based on an enhanced fuzzy MCDM approach. Expert Systems with Applications, 37(1), 202-213.
IEA - International Energy Agency (2008). Key world energy statistics 2008. Paris: IEA.
Kazim, A.M. (2007). Assessments of primary energy consumption and its environmental consequences in the United Arab Emirates. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(3), 426-446.
Lecuona, A., Ventas, R., Venegas, M., Zacarías, A., & Salgado, R. (2009). Optimum hot water temperature for absorption solar cooling. Solar Energy, 83(10), 1806-1814.
Matthies, M., Giupponi, C., & Ostendorf, B. (2007). Environmental decision support systems: Current issues, methods and tools. Environmental Modelling & Software, 22(2), 123-127.
Middle East Online (2007). Energy and Security in the Arab Gulf. London, UK: Middle East Online.
Reid, J.S., Gatebe, C., Holben, B.N., King, M., Piketh, S., & Westphal, D.L. (2004). Science Plan, United Arab Emirates, Unified Aerosol Experiment (UAE2), Prepared for DWRS, NASA, NRL, and ONR. Version 1.0.
Patlitzianas, K.D., Doukas, H., & Askounis, D.T. (2007). An assessment of the sustainable energy investments in the framework of the EU–GCC cooperation. Renewable Energy, 32(10), 1689-1704.
Siemons, R., Vis, Martijn, ir. Van den Berg, D., Mc Chesney, I., Whiteley, M., Nikolaou, N. (2004). Bio – Energy’s Role in the EU Energy Market. A view of developments until 2020. The Netherlands, United Kingdom, Greece: BTG, ESD Ltd, CRES.
The Cooperation Council of the Arab States of the Gulf - Secretariat General (2007). Unified Guiding Regulation for the Control of Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer in the GCC Countries.
Kazim, A., & Veziroglu, T. N. (2003). Role of PEM fuel cells in diversifying electricity production in the United Arab Emirates. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 28(3), 349-355.
Gastli, A., & Charabi, Y. (2010). Solar electricity prospects in Oman using GIS-based solar radiation maps. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(2), 790-797.
Abi-Aad, N.(2009). Energy in the Mediterranean and the Gulf. Opportunities for Synergies. Paper presented at the seminar on “The Mediterranean: Opportunities to Develop EU-GCC Relations?”, Rome, 10-11 December 2009.
Al-Faris A. R. F. (2002). The demand for electricity in the GCC countries. Energy Policy, 30(2), 117-124.
Robins, P. (2004). Slow, slow, quick, quick, slow: Saudi Arabia's ‘Gas Initiative’. Energy Policy, 32(3), 321-333.

Economic Commission for Europe (2010). Financing Global Climate Change Mitigation. New York and Geneva: United Nations.

More documents in the Discussion Groups' Library.